The First Juneteenth
"The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation form the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between them becomes employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere." - General Orders, Numbers 3; Headquarters District of Texas Galveston, June 19.1865.
Source: The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross with Henry Louis Gates Jr. PBS, 2013, https://www.pbs.org/wnet/african-americans-many-rivers-to-cross/history/what-is-juneteenth/. Accessed 19 May 2021.
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